What is Oculoplastic Disease?

Dr. Benjamin Ticho

August 23, 2022

Oculoplastic Disease

Oculoplastic diseases are problems with the eye and the tissues around it. They can be anything from dry eyes to eyes that bulge out. One option for people with these conditions is oculoplastic surgery. This surgery can fix the problem and make life better for the person. Patients can also benefit from the procedure if they have other related symptoms. External ophthalmoplegia, Ptosis, and Dysphagia are some of these.

Ptosis

Surgical treatment for stasis is a procedure that makes the eyelids look and work like usual again. This procedure is usually done outside of a hospital and takes between 30 and 60 minutes. Patients can return to work and do other daily activities after surgery, but they should not do anything too hard for three weeks. Patients should avoid alcohol and other things that could worsen their condition during this time.

A toss is usually diagnosed by examining how the patient’s eyes move, which may involve an x-ray. Ptosis can also cause your eyelids to droop and your field of vision to narrow. People with ptosis might also feel sore or have watery eyes. Sometimes, the posts can make people feel like they have crossed eyes. Treatment is possible, but it depends on how bad the condition is.

Ophthalmoplegia from the outside

The disease itself makes it so that the eyelids don’t move. In addition, people with progressive external ophthalmoplegia will generally have weaker muscles in their arms and legs. This weakness is noticeable when you work out and makes it hard to swallow. This disease also causes hearing loss and a loss of other senses. Even though there is no specific treatment, there are many ways for people to get help.

Progressive external ophthalmoplegia has not yet been linked to a clear cause. But the most common cause is a change in mitochondrial DNA. Ultimately, it’s essential to find ways to treat this disease. External ophthalmoplegia has no known cause, but the first sign of the disease is a lifting of the chin and drooping of the eyelids. The condition also makes eye muscles weaker and can make it so a person can’t turn their head.

Dysphagia

Some medical conditions, like scleroderma, can make it hard to swallow. People can also have trouble eating because of other things, like radiation therapy. Some health problems can also make the back of the esophagus get smaller. Because of this, the person may have trouble swallowing. Dysphagia can also happen when the muscles in the throat are weak.

When someone has dysphagia, they can’t swallow. Many things can cause this condition, including problems inside or outside the esophagus. Some of these conditions make the esophagus smaller, which makes it hard to swallow liquids and solids. After a stroke or other injury, some people also have trouble swallowing. The presence of a Tracheostomy tube is another cause.

Patients may also have trouble swallowing because they have a second disease, such as cancer. When cancer is the cause of dysphagia, the patient is usually sent to a specialist to have the tumor removed. Malnutrition can sometimes happen to people who have this condition. In this situation, monitoring the patient’s vital signs and giving them a neurological exam is essential.

The disease of the thyroid gland can cause ptosis.

The oculoplastic disease is when the body’s immune system attacks the eye tissues.  The signs can range from dry eyes to eyes that bulge out. One option for treatment is oculoplastic surgery. When people have symptoms of thyroid eye disease, they should talk to an ophthalmologist to figure out the best medicine. Dr. Marx is one of the people who started the TED program at the University of Utah, which is the only one of its kind in the Mountain West.

Women are more likely to get thyroid eye disease than men, but men are more likely to get severe cases. Genes cause this disease, and women are more likely than men to get it. It usually starts around middle age. Even though no one knows for sure, it is thought that 16 out of every 100,000 women and 2.9 out of every 100,000 men have it.